We share the planet with millions of species, and many of them are insects. A childhood fascination with insects led me to an interest in ecology and the desire to explain patterns of diversity, and I settled on ants as an ecologically dominant group of insects worthy of study. As it became clear that I was living during a time of enormous biotic change caused by human activities, I developed a strong conviction that it was important not only to understand patterns of diversity but to document it in detail for this time in history. I divide my time between two research fields: taxonomy and ecology. On the taxonomy side, I have coordinated large-scale inventories of Neotropical insect biodiversity, I discover and describe new species of ants, and I further refine our understanding of species ranges and morphological variability. I make use of advanced imaging technology, specimen-level databases, and Web-dissemination to make biodiversity data available to the widest audiences. On the ecology side, I use quantitative inventory techniques that allow analysis of diversity patterns. I am interested in how species are distributed on tropical mountainsides, what ecological factors explain the elevational range limits of species, and how species might respond to climate change.
- Taxonomy and Natural History of Ants
- Ecological Diversity
- Biodiversity Inventory
- Elevational Patterns and Response to Climate Change
- Branstetter, M. G., J. T. Longino, P. S. Ward, and B. C. Faircloth. in press. Enriching the ant tree of life: enhanced UCE bait set for genome-scale phylogenetics of ants and other Hymenoptera. Methods in Ecology and Evolution.
- Kendall, B., V. Tkach, Y. Gutierrez, J. Longino, and M. Couturier. in press. Motile structures in the stool of a field biologist. Journal of Clinical Microbiology.
- Nepel, M., H. Voglmayr, R. Blatrix, J. T. Longino, K. Fiedler, J. Sch�nenberger, V. E. Mayer. 2016. Ant-cultivated Chaetothyriales in hollow stems of myrmecophytic Cecropia sp. trees - diversity and patterns. Fungal Ecology 23:131-140.
- Colwell, R. K., N. J. Gotelli, L. A. Ashton, J. Beck, G. Brehm, T. M. Fayle, K. Fiedler, M. L. Forister, M. Kessler, R. L. Kitching, P. Klimes, J. Kluge, J. T. Longino, S. C. Maunsell, C. M. McCain, J. Moses, S. Noben, K. Sam, L. Sam, A. M. Shapiro, X. Wang, and V. Novotny. 2016. Midpoint attractors and species richness: Modelling the interaction between environmental drivers and geometric constraints. Ecology Letters 19:1009-1022.
- Longino, J. T., R. K. Colwell. 2011. Density compensation, species composition, and richness of ants on a Neotropical elevation gradient. Ecosphere 2:art29.
- Longino, J. T. 2010. A taxonomic review of the ant genus Megalomyrmex Forel (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Central America. Zootaxa 2720:35-58.
- Longino, J. T. 2009. Additions to the taxonomy of New World Pheidole (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 2181:1-90.
- Longino, J. T. 2007. A taxonomic review of the genus Azteca (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Costa Rica and a global revision of the aurita group. Zootaxa 1491:1-63.
- Longino, J. T. 2005. Complex nesting behavior by two neotropical species of the ant genus Stenamma (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Biotropica 37:670-675. [Editors' Choice in Science (23 January 2006)]
- Longino, J. T., R. K. Colwell, J. Coddington. 2002. The ant fauna of a tropical rainforest: estimating species richness three different ways. Ecology 83:689-702.
- Biol 3410: Ecology and Evolution